Australia Overview

It is estimated that the indigenous peoples or Aborigines lived in Australia for 50,000 years or more before it was settled as a British colony by Captain James Cook in 1770. Large scale immigration to Australia kicked off in the 1850's with the discovery of gold bringing people from all over the world in search of their fortunes. Mineral wealth continues to be a mainstay of the Australian economy, with Australia exporting its vast resources to all corners of the globe.

In the course of the past 250 years, a modern Australia has emerged as an independent nation with a diverse multi-cultural population. In Australia today (2016), 28% of the population were born overseas, and almost half of the population has one parent who was born overseas. Australian culture has been enriched by this diversity and the influences of many peoples.

Political System

Australia is a tolerant and peaceful nation with a stable political system. Technically Australia remains a Constitutional Monarchy with the British Queen as its Head of State. In practice Australia is governed by a democratic system of parliament elected by the Australian people and the role of the British Monarch today is purely ceremonial. The Australian national or Federal Government was established in 1901 and has responsibility for various aspects of government, including defence and immigration. In addition to the Federal Government, each of Australia's six States and two Territories has its own democratically elected Government with responsibility for matters such as health and certain aspects of education.

Australian States and Territories

The Australian States are Victoria, New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia and Tasmania. The Territories are the Australian Capital Territory and the Northern Territory. You can read more about each of the States and Territories in the related FAQs.


Australia is the world's sixth-largest country by area and according to the Australian Bureau of Statistics population clock, currently people live, work, study and play in Australia. With such a large land area and a total population no more than some of the worlds large cities, Australia offers a uncrowded and relaxed lifestyle.

And Australia is growing, at the rate of one person each . Part of this growth is one new international migrant every !


Australia is a very big country with a range of climates in different regions. In the north of the country, cities like Darwin in the Northern Territory and Cairns in Queensland have a tropical climate very similar to many of our northern neighbours. In the south, Melbourne in Victoria and Hobart in Tasmania have much cooler climates similar to some European cities, though somewhat milder. In the southern regions, snow in the mountains can be quite common during winter and snow skiing is a popular past time.


Many different religions are practised in Australia and the freedom to worship in accordance with your faith is enshrined in Australian law. This means religious discrimination is against the law in Australia. The majority of Australians very much have a "live and let live" philosophy when it comes to people practising their religion, and religious tensions that are found in many other parts of the world are very rare.


English is the official language of Australia. Due to the diverse nature of the Australian population, many Australians also speak a second language.


While technically a continent in its own right because of its size, Australia is actually an island. As such Australia is favoured with almost endless beaches and "beach culture" is a big part of the lifestyle in many regions. Unlike many places in the word, Australian beaches are almost exclusively owned by the Government and freely available for anyone to enjoy. As many parts of the country are very sparsely populated, it is easy to find beautiful beaches you can enjoy in complete solitude, something very rare in today's overcrowded world.

Australia has something for everyone, so what are you waiting for? Contact us today to find out how to make it possible.

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